In 1847, Frederick Douglass founded the abolitionist newspaper The North Star in Rochester.Douglass, a former slave and an antislavery speaker and writer, gained a circulation of over 4,000 readers in the United States, Europe and the Caribbean.

For the metropolitan area, see Rochester, New York metropolitan area.) is a city on the southern shore of Lake Ontario in Western New York.

Rochester is the third most populous city in New York state with over 210,000 residents, and its metropolitan area has a population of nearly 1.1 million people.

The carriage maker James Cunningham and Sons founded a pioneer automobile company – Cunningham.

The population reached 62,386 in 1870, 162,608 in 1900 and 295,750 in 1920.

After the Civil War, Rochester had an expansion of new industries in the late 19th century, founded by migrants to the city, such as inventor and entrepreneur George Eastman, who founded Eastman Kodak; and German immigrants John Jacob Bausch and Henry Lomb, who combined technical and financial expertise to launch Bausch & Lomb in 1861.

Not only did they create new industries and thousands of jobs, but Eastman became a major philanthropist, developing and endowing the University of Rochester, its Eastman School of Music and other local institutions.

The North Star served as a forum for abolitionist views.

The Douglass home burnt down in 1872, but a marker for it can be found in Highland Park off South Avenue. Anthony, a national leader of the women's suffrage movement, was from Rochester.

In 1823, Rochesterville consisted of 1,012 acres (4 km) and 2,500 residents, and the Village of Rochesterville became known as Rochester.