Doric order dating
The Doric colums are about 20 feet tall and three feet in diameter, with the unusual number of 16 flutes instead of the usual 20.The base of the temple consists of two stacked terraces that supported the peristyle, the cella, the pronaos, and the opisthodromos. The temple's metopes were smooth with no decoration, but the architrave of the pronaos was decorated with a shallow Ionic continous frieze.Given the similariteis of the Temple of Poseidon to the Hephaisteion and the temple of Nemesis in Rhamnous, many historians have concluded that they were designed by the same architect.
During the Hellenistic period, Corinthian columns were sometimes built without fluting.
The Corinthian Order became popular among the Romans, who added a number of refinements and decorative details.
The Parthenon is considered the most important surviving building of classical Greece and the zenith of Doric Order architecture.
It is a former temple on the Athenian Acropolis dedicated to the patron goddess of Athens, Athena.
An inscription confirms that the temple was dedicated to Poseidon, and it was built upon the remains of an even earlier poros temple whose foundations are still visible.
This Archaic temple was razed by the Persians in 490 BCE when it still under construction.
The capitals of the Corinthian Order were much deeper than those of the Doric and Ionic Orders.
They were shaped like a bell-shaped mixing bowl and ornamented with a double row of acanthus leaves above which rose splayed, voluted tendrils.
The usual number of flutes is 24, but there can be as many as 44.
The architrave is not always decorated, but more often it rises in three outwardly-stepped bands.
Although most architectural elements of the Parthenon belong to the Doric Order, a continuous sculptured frieze in low relief that sits above the architrave belongs to the Ionic style. Early Ionic temples in Asia Minor were particularly ambitious in scale.