The new law also allows those convicted under the old law to clear their names.

Those who had to register previously as sex offenders for consensual sexual encounters with a person under the age of 17 can ask the court to review their case.

Age of consent laws apply to all forms of sexual activity, ranging from kissing and fondling to sexual intercourse.

A 14 or 15 year old can consent to sexual activity as long as the partner is less than five years older and there is no relationship of trust, authority or dependency or any other exploitation of the young person.

This means that if the partner is 5 years or older than the 14 or 15 year old, any sexual activity is a criminal offence.

Even if the person charged is cleared of the charge, lasting damage to the older person's career and reputation may result.

An adult who mistakenly believes that a young person is over the age of 17 when the young person is actually under the age of 17, can be charged with a sex crime. Even under the new laws, there is still the possibility for young lovers to run afoul of the law.

As the penalties can be very severe, if you have been accused of a sex crime, contact an experienced criminal defense lawyer.

The age of consent is the age at which a young person can legally agree to sexual activity.

He now must wear a GPS device so his daily movements can be monitored.

Some state legislatures, such as Texas, have responded to the parental demands for change by enacting so-called "Romeo and Juliet" Law.

In a particularly poignant example, an 18-year-old high school senior was arrested for having sex with his freshman girlfriend at the same high school.